Artificial Intelligence (AI) has revolutionized the way we interact with mobile applications, enabling them to perform complex tasks and provide personalized experiences. Developing AI-powered mobile applications requires careful consideration of the technology stack to ensure faster development and efficient performance. In this blog, we will explore two approaches to AI deployment, along with the corresponding technology stacks, and discuss the benefits and consequences of deploying AI on servers versus mobile devices.
- Deploying AI through Servers: When AI models are deployed directly to servers, mobile applications can leverage the power of cloud computing to access and utilize AI services. Here's a recommended technology stack for faster development in this approach:
a. Flutter: Flutter, an open-source UI toolkit developed by Google, allows developers to build native-like mobile applications for iOS and Android platforms using a single codebase. It offers a rich set of pre-built UI components and widgets, enabling faster development and smooth cross-platform performance.
b. Web Sockets: Web Sockets provide a bidirectional communication channel between the mobile application and the server. This technology enables real-time data exchange, allowing the mobile app to interact seamlessly with the AI models deployed on the server. Web Sockets ensure efficient and responsive communication, making the application feel more interactive to the users.
c. API Integration: To connect the mobile application with AI services hosted on the server, API integration is crucial. By utilizing well-documented APIs, developers can establish a secure and reliable connection between the mobile app and the server-based AI models. APIs facilitate the exchange of data, enable AI inference, and empower the mobile application with intelligent features.
Benefits and Consequences: Deploying AI through servers offers several advantages. Firstly, it allows for centralized AI model management and updates, ensuring consistent performance across multiple devices. Secondly, server-based AI offloads the computational burden from the mobile device, resulting in improved battery life and reduced resource consumption. However, it is important to consider potential consequences such as reliance on network connectivity, increased latency for real-time applications, and potential privacy concerns when transmitting sensitive data to the server.
- Deploying AI in Mobile Applications: Alternatively, AI models can be deployed directly within the mobile application itself, leveraging frameworks such as TensorFlow for mobile and ONNX (Open Neural Network Exchange) for deployment. This approach provides offline access to AI capabilities and eliminates the need for a continuous network connection. Here's an overview of the technology stack for this approach:
a. TensorFlow for Mobile: TensorFlow, a popular open-source machine learning framework, offers a mobile version optimized for running AI models on mobile devices. It allows developers to train and deploy AI models within the mobile application, enabling offline AI capabilities and real-time inference.
b. ONNX: ONNX is an open format for representing machine learning models, enabling interoperability between various AI frameworks. It simplifies the process of deploying AI models across different platforms, including mobile devices. Developers can convert models trained in popular frameworks like TensorFlow into ONNX format for seamless integration with the mobile application.
Benefits and Consequences: Deploying AI in the mobile application itself provides several advantages. Offline AI capabilities ensure that the application functions even without an internet connection, offering uninterrupted user experiences. It also eliminates the need for server dependencies, reducing latency and potential privacy concerns associated with transmitting data to external servers. However, this approach requires careful consideration of the mobile device's computational resources, as complex AI models might strain the device's processing power and battery life.
Developing an AI-powered mobile application requires selecting the appropriate technology stack based on the deployment approach. Deploying AI through servers using technologies like Flutter, Web Sockets, and API integration allows for efficient utilization of cloud-based AI services. On the other hand, deploying AI in the mobile application itself using frameworks like TensorFlow for mobile and ONNX enables offline capabilities and eliminates server dependencies. By carefully considering the benefits and consequences of each approach, developers can create faster and efficient AI mobile applications tailored to their specific requirements.