5 ways to reduce Risk of hacking website
1.Avoid Using Hard-Coded Passwords.
When writing a program in an application, it is always tempting to embed a password in the source code or a configuration file. Sometimes, this is done to avoid requiring a user to enter a password, or to avoid configuring a separate area to store a password.
In these cases, there are two dangers to consider. The first is that if the code is ever released to the public, a malicious attacker can decompile the code and gain access to the password. The second danger is that if the code is ever moved to another system or repurposed, the same password will be used, and the new owner will not have access to the password.
It is always better to store passwords in a database or other secure storage mechanism. In this way, the password is not stored in the application, and it cannot be read by malicious users.
Keep Passwords Safely Stored
When a password is stored in a database or other secure storage mechanism, it is important to ensure that it is not stored in plaintext.
For example, you may want to store a password in a config file. This means that the user can edit the config file and change the password.
If you store the password in the config file, you should ensure that the config file is not written to a disk or written to a network location. If it is, a malicious user could replace the config file with their own version that changes the password.
This is a problem if you want to keep the password secure.
You can keep the password safe by encrypting the file using a standard algorithm such as AES.
2.Avoid using Self-Signed SSL Certificates.
When a certificate is self-signed, it means that it is not signed by a trusted authority.
Self-signed certificates are convenient for testing and development, but they should not be used on publicly available sites.
A self-signed certificate is not trusted by browsers or any other software and will not be used as a trusted authority by any software.
Self-signed certificates are not signed by a Certificate Authority (CA), such as Verisign or GoDaddy. A self-signed certificate is usually not cryptographically strong and will be rejected by any software that requires a strong certificate.
Self-signed certificates are not trusted by browsers, they will generate a security warning message when a user accesses the site.
The main purpose of a certificate is to prove the identity of the site's owner and to establish a private connection.
Self-signed certificates are not recommended for commercial use, because they do not provide any identity.
Self-signed certificates can be hacked.If a hacker can get the private key, they can impersonate the website.
Self-signed certificates have virtually no security benefits and should generally be avoided.
3.Avoid Using a Shared Hosting Service for website security purpose.
If you choose to use a shared hosting service, then you will be sharing your resources with other web hosts. And the chances of getting hacked are high. For example, if you host your website with a hosting service, then your website files will be stored in a folder of the shared hosting server. So, the same server that has your website files can be used by other websites also. And if any other website uses this server, then it means that the files of your website are accessible to other users.
So, the other websites can easily get your website files. If your website contains any sensitive information like credit card details, then your website will be hacked. And the hackers can easily access your website files and steal your information.
When you choose a shared hosting service, then it means that your website files will be stored on the same server as the other websites. So, the other websites can get access to your website files. And this makes your website vulnerable to hackers.
So, you should choose a different web hosting service if you want to host your website. You should choose a web hosting service that offers you a dedicated server.
4.Avoid Using a Shared IP Address for getting website hacked.
If your website is using a shared IP address, it means that the website is hosted in a single location with many different domains. This means that one website is being attacked by many different people at the same time, which is a huge security risk.
It is not a good idea to share the IP address of your web site.The reason for this is that if you share the same IP address with other web sites and one of them is hacked, then your website might also get hacked.This is because the hacker might come to know that they are using the same IP address.
Also, it is very easy to hack a website using the same IP address.Another reason is that if you share the same IP address, your website might get slow.This is because you are sharing the same IP address with several other websites.So, you might face several issues if you share the IP address.
So, it is better to have a dedicated IP address for your website.
This will save you from several issues and your website will run smoothly.
If you own your own web hosting, and you use a single IP address for your website, then you can be sure that only you can get hacked.
Hackers often use the shared IP addresses to spread spam and malware to other websites. This is a common way to get your website hacked.
If you are using a shared IP address, then you should immediately change it to a unique IP address for your website.
5.Avoid Using Insecure Communication Protocols for getting website hacked.
There are two protocol used for commucation which is ftp or ssh .
As FTP is not a secure protocol.FTP(File Transfer Protocol) is a way to transfer files between computers on a network.This protocol is not encrypted, so anyone can see the information you are exchanging between computers. This protocol is easy to use as we can transfer our data to server without any passwords .
We need to use SSH protocol for file exchange . Or accessing your server.
For having SSH access to server and we can have that by creating a key pair.
SSH keys are two cryptographic keys, one private and one public, that are used to authenticate a client to an SSH server as an alternative to password-based authentication.
There are two keys which are used for authentication:
1. The public key is stored on the server that you want to access, and it is used to encrypt the message.
2. The private key is stored on your local computer that you use to access the server, and it is used to decrypt the message.
The server will only let you in if the message decoded with your private key matches the message encoded with the public key.
The SSH protocol is a secure remote access protocol. It provides a secure channel over an unsecured network in a client–server architecture.
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